Poland – Belarus
- Since 2015 there are reports of push-backs by Polish Border Guards, especially at the Polish-Belarusian border crossing point in Terespol. People mostly arrive at the border by train and are then sent back to Belarus without the possibility to ask for international protection.
- There are no reports of excessive violence by authorities.
- There are no groups/organizations present to monitor the situation. However, you can find contacts in Poland to support you here: https://w2eu.info/en/countries/poland/contacts
- There are also reports on push-backs at Medyka at the Polish-Ukrainian border.
- Several NGOs have published reports on the situation since 2016. See reports from: Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (https://bit.ly/2OmcMc0), Borderline Europe (https://t.co/Kbr4vvs9qK?amp=1) Human Rights Watch (https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/03/01/poland-asylum-seekers-blocked-border ) and Amnesty International (https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/07/poland-eu-should-tackle-unsafe-returns-to-belarus/)
- According to polish border guards, 4378 persons were refused entry at the border crossing point in Terespol in 2019.
- Frontex registered 642 illegal border crossings into Poland 2019.
* the number of undetected or unregistered push-backs and/or crossings are probably much higher then the official figures. However, for this region, we do not have any other numbers available.